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The Timeline of English Children's Social Service in Montreal

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Female Benevolent Society of Montreal

Female Benevolent Society of Montreal opens

to aid distressed immigrants. Organises a soup kitchen, school, temporary care for needy women and children as well as a small infirmary. It closed in 1822. The patients went to the newly opened Montreal General Hospital.

Read the history of The Female Benevolent Society of Montreal >>>

1815
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Protestant Orphans' Asylum/Home opens

Established by some of the women from the Female Benevolent Society to care for the children formerly in that institution. A building was constructed in 1849 on St. Catherine near Drummond. They moved to 24 Summerhill/Cote-des-Neiges in 1894. In 1946, they merged with the Montreal Ladies’ Benevolent Society to form Summerhill Homes and later Youth Horizons.

Read the history of The Protestant Orphans Society >>>

1822
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Montreal Ladies’ Benevolent Society is formed

During the cholera epidemic, the Female Benevolent Society was reorganized to assume the care of destitute widows and children. Over the years, it extended help to elderly women, widows, convalescents and non-orphaned children and from 1883 to c. 1925 was a certified Industrial School. They merged with the Protestant Orphan Home to form Summerhill Homes in 1946 and later Youth Horizons.

1832
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St. Patricks Orphans' Asylum opens

Started by the Sulpician, Father Dowd, for the city’s Irish Catholic population as one of the services put in place following the large Irish immigration during the Irish potato famine.

Read the history of The Orphans' Asylum and Mount St. Patrick >>>

1845
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Protestant Infant Home of Montreal opens

Formed to ensure that Protestant children would no longer be abandoned to the Grey Nuns and to decrease infant mortality rates, this institution admitted both unwed mothers and infants, even illegitimate ones. In the twentieth century it became the Children’s Service Center, then Ville Marie Social Service.

1870
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Boys Home of Montreal opens on Mountain Street in Montreal

A home for working boys offering them inexpensive and supervised board as well as help in securing employment. Emphasis was placed on molding the boys into proper citizens through night school, lecture programs, religious influence, savings accounts, boys’ clubs, and sports activities as well as self-reliance and work/training in the community. It later becomes Weredale Home and then Youth Horizons.

1870
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The Boys Farm and Training School opens in Shawbridge, Quebec

The Boys Farm was built in 1907 for the training of delinquent boys from the Montreal area. The farm was used to house orphans and juvenile criminals under the age of 18. It later becomes Shawbridge Boys Farm and later, Shawbridge Youth Centres.

The history of Shawbridge >>>

1907
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Girls Cottage Industrial School opens

Starts in St. Lambert and relocates to Sweetsburg in 1922. Closed from 1946 to 1951. Reopens in St. Bruno in 1951 as Mount Bruno Boys and Girls Cottage. It became part of Youth Horizons in 1977.

The history of The Girl's Cottage School >>>

1911
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Montreal Children's Bureau opens

Coordinates application investigation and placement for 5 Protestant children’s agencies. Pioneered the use of foster care in Montreal as a placement method alongside institutional care and increased the implication of trained social workers in the child services system. Becomes the Children’s Aid Society in 1936.

1919
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Weredale House opens

Weredale House opens on Weredale Park in Westmount. Formerly The Boys Home of Montreal on Mountain Street. It later became Youth Horizons in 1977.

The history of Weredale House and Youth Horizons >>>

1930
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Catholic Welfare Bureau opens

Later becomes Catholic Family and Child Services, then Ville Marie Social Services.

1930
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Family Welfare Association of Montreal begins

Formerly Charity Organization Society. Later becomes Family Service Association, then Ville Marie Social Services.

1931
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Federation of Catholic Charities opens

1932
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Catholic Boys Bureau and Children's Service Association open

from Montreal Child Bureau, 1919. Later becomes Youth Horizons.

1936
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Children's Aid Society of Montreal is formed

Childrens Aid Society building

Children's Service Association joins Montreal Children's Aid Society.

Read the history of Montreal's Children's Aid Society >>>

1945
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Summerhill Homes

formed by the merger of the Montreal Ladies’ Benevolent Society and the Protestant Orphans’ Home. Will eventually shift away from institutional care and adopt group home care as their preferred method. Becomes Youth Horizon.

1947
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Children's Service Center

formed by the merger of The Children's Aid Society and Protestant Foster Home Center.

1951
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Lakeshore Community Centre is formed

It became part of Ville Marie Social Services.

1956
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Foster Home recruitment Center

It became part of Ville Marie Social Services.

1965
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Ville Marie Social Services is formed

Formed from 6 non-Jewish, non-Francophone agencies: Children's Service Center, Family Service Association, Catholic Family and Children's Services, John Howard Society, Lakeshore Community Services and Foster Home Recruitment Service.

Read the complete history of Ville Marie >>>

1973
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Youth Horizons is formed

Formed from Allancroft Centre, Summerhill Homes, Weredale House and Mount Bruno Girls Cottage School.

1977
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Batshaw Youth and Family Centres is formed

From from Mount St-Patrick Youth Centre, Shawbridge Youth Centres, Ville Marie Social Services and Youth Horizons.

1993